Quick History Of Buick
Buick is owned by General Motors and is one of the oldest brands in the United States. It has been leading the way in innovation since the turn of the century. It was originally intended to appeal to customers who had retired but now has a lineup that includes cars, trucks and SUVs that appeal to just about everyone and anyone. The SUV and sports sedans are primarily to bring in the younger generation customers.
Buick was founded in 1903 by David Dunbar Buick who was an Industrialist in Scotland. He built his first car in 1904 and it was called the Model B. All it had was a two-cylinder engine with an overhead-valve cylinder head design. Buick then unveiled it’s first four-cylinder production car called the model D. Flint, Michigan-based Buick motor company was bought by William C. Durant as part of a new company otherwise known as General Motors. By the year of 1914 all Buicks were built with six-cylinder engines and purchased primarily by upper-class professionals. At the time it was known as the doctors car of it’s time.
In the year 1920 it introduced four-wheel brakes. Buick was way ahead of it’s time as this technology was only seen on custom-built cars. Buick figured out how to apply it to mass-produced vehicles. The eight-cylinder Buick car came about in the 1930s and blew up in popularity. The engines were advanced for it’s time and had several improvements to keep customers coming back for more. Buick is also the first car to implement the rear turn signal that used a flasher.
The Estate Wagon and the Roadmaster ruled the nation with an iron fist in the 1940’s. The Dynaflow came about in 1948 which was the first torque converter-type automatic transmission offered in the United States passenger cars. In the 1960’s Buick was the first to offer power brakes and power steering and 12-volt electrical.
When people think of Buick they think of their land yachts such as the Electra 225. Buick downsized it’s full and midsize models during the 1970s and offered midsize sedans in the 1980s. It’s core was luxury sedans aimed at an older audience but they also had the grand national muscle car and Reatta luxury coupe convertible.
Buick now specializes in crossover SUVs and sedans and is hoping to attract the younger buyers of this generation. Luxury and class is still their vision. Newer Buicks clearly have European influences in their handling and overall drive.